Keystone Symposia

This meeting took place in 2009

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Overcoming the Crisis of TB and AIDS (T2)

Organizer(s) Anne E. Goldfeld and Stefan H.E. Kaufmann
October 20—25, 2009
Arusha International Conference Centre (meeting only) • Arusha, Tanzania
Abstract Deadline: Jun 22, 2009
Late Abstract Deadline: Jul 22, 2009
Scholarship Deadline: Jun 22, 2009
Early Registration Deadline: Aug 20, 2009

Part of the Keystone Symposia Global Health Series, Supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Summary of Meeting:
Tuberculosis (TB) is the largest cause of death in the AIDS setting, having caused approximately 50% of all AIDS deaths globally. Each infection on its own manipulates the host immune response to enhance the other infection’s pathogenicity, and the treatment of each involves long or lifelong therapy of complicated drug regimens. The focus of this Keystone Symposia meeting is to gain deeper insights into the immune pathology and deadly synergism between HIV and TB and its global toll in order to identify new ways to solve this global catastrophe by way of basic scientific discovery, and the development and delivery of vaccines, drugs and care. Mycobacterium tuberculosis survives in the vast majority of infected individuals without causing disease. However, as HIV compromises the immune system it fuels clinical emergence of TB and, as a result, has become the driving force for the current TB epidemics in Subsaharan Africa and Asia. TB in turn drives HIV-1 replication and causes HIV-1 disease progression. In order to effectively tackle this twin epidemic, integrated approaches encompassing basic immunological research, drug discovery, drug and vaccine design and delivery and novel approaches to delivering care in remote and impoverished areas must be integrated. This includes the following: virologic and bacteriologic research on the pathogens themselves; immunologic, molecular and cellular research on the host response; design, development and delivery of drugs and vaccines; development of different technologies for biomarkers of disease and cure; and novel drug and vaccine delivery systems. Moreover, basic discovery must be synergized with novel approaches to the delivery of TB and AIDS care in endemic areas. The overarching goal of the symposium is to gain a broad perspective on the problem of TB/AIDS – from its impact on life on earth to the basic biology of the organisms, the immune response – and to develop new paradigms of thinking and responses to deal with the humanitarian catastrophe of TB and AIDS co-infection.

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Scholarship / Award Information

Scholarship Deadline: June 22, 2009 (11:59 PM US Mountain Standard Time)
*All deadlines end at 11:59 PM US Mountain Standard Time
NOTE: Please use the button above to Apply for a Scholarship


Keystone Symposia is offering scholarships of up to 1,200 USD to Students and Postdoctoral fellows. These scholarships are to be used to help defray the expenses associated with conference attendance, including airfare (restrictions may apply based on funding source), ground transportation, lodging costs, and a portion of meeting registration. Receipts will be required to receive reimbursement.

Abstracts submitted for poster presentation will be used as the basis for awarding the scholarships. Scholarship recipients will be selected based on the quality of science of the abstract and the relevance of the abstract to the conference topic. Only one application per abstract is accepted. Only one award per lab will be allocated.


To be eligible for a scholarship, you must be:

A graduate student or postdoctoral fellow currently enrolled in an academic institute at the start of the meeting for which you are applying. Note: a graduate student is defined as a student who is studying for a higher degree at an academic institution. A postdoctoral fellow is defined as an individual with a Ph.D., M.D., or DVM degree who is engaged in a temporary period of mentored research and/or scholarly training for the purpose of acquiring the professional skills needed to pursue their desired career path, and is within 6 years of these degrees.

Review Criteria

Criteria for Abstract Review:

  1. Relevance to the meeting topic
  2. Significance of the scientific question and results
  3. Style
    • Organization (e.g. the abstract has a clear beginning, middle and end)
    • Grammar and spelling
  4. Clarity of scientific presentations
    • Clear question or hypothesis
    • Sufficient background
    • The experimental approach and rationale for the approach are clear
    • The results are clearly presented
    • The interpretation and conclusions are reasonable and logical

Application Process

If you are eligible and wish to be considered for a scholarship, you should complete all of the following by the scholarship deadline for the meeting you wish to attend. It is recommended you begin these steps in advance of the deadline date to ensure completion.

Click here to start a scholarship application.

  See the Scholarship FAQ's

Underrepresented Trainee Scholarships are also available...
Please Click Here for more information about Underrepresented Trainee Scholarship.

  See the Underrepresented Trainee Scholarship FAQ's

Global Health Travel Awards are also available

NOTE: The deadline for this Global Health Travel Award is May 19, 2009 (NOT June 22, 2009) due to the necessary arrangements and preparations needed to provide these awards.

Please click here for more information about these awards.

  See the Global Health Travel Award FAQ's

If you have any questions, please contact